Preventing Food Allergies in Infants and Children
What Are Food Allergies?
- Runny nose
- Itching or swelling of the lips, tongue, or throat
- Upset stomach, cramps, bloating, or diarrhea
- Wheezing or difficulty breathing
- Anaphylactic shock—This is a life-threatening reaction that requires medical care right away.
- Peanuts and tree nuts (such as walnuts, pecans, almonds, and cashews)
- Cereal grains such as wheat and barley
How Common Are Food Allergies?
Can Food Allergies Be Prevented?
Introducing Solid Foods
What Can Parents Do?
Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America http://aafa.org
Food Allergy Research & Education http://www.foodallergy.org
Allergy/Asthma Information Association http://aaia.ca
Canadian Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology Foundation http://www.allergyfoundation.ca
Allergy overview. Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America website. Available at: http://aafa.org/display.cfm?id=9&sub=20&cont=278. Accessed October 17, 2013.
Boyce JA, Assa'ad A, Burks AW, et al. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of food allergy in the United States: summary of the NIAID-sponsored expert panel report. Nutr Res. 2011;31(1):61-75.
Du Toit G, Katz Y, Sasieni P, Mesher D, et al. Early consumption of peanuts in infancy is associated with a low prevalence of peanut allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2008;122(5):984-990.
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Facts and statistics. Food Allergy Research & Education website. Available at: http://www.foodallergy.org/facts-and-stats. Accessed October 17, 2013.
Food allergy. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/. Updated January 17, 2013. Accessed October 17, 2013.
Food for thought: preventing food allergies. Kids with Food Allergies website. Available at: http://www.kidswithfoodallergies.org/resourcespre.php?id=108. Published April 2008. Accessed October 17, 2013.
Foods to avoid in pregnancy. NHS Choices website. Available at: http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/pages/foods-to-avoid-pregnant.aspx#close. Updated November 4, 2012. Accessed October 17, 2013.
Greer FR, Sicherer SH, Burks AW. Effects of early nutritional intervention on the development of atopic disease in infants and children: the role of maternal dietary restriction, breastfeeding, timing of introduction of complementary foods, and hydrolyzed formula. Pediatrics. 2008;121(1):183-191.
Ho MHK, Wong WHS, Heine RG, et al. Early clinical predictors of remission of peanut allergy in children. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2008;121(3):731-736.
Question & Answer. American Academy of Pediatrics' Healthy Children website. Available at: http://www.healthychildren.org/English/tips-tools/ask-the-pediatrician/Pages/question.aspx?qid=1499. Updated May 13, 2013. Accessed October 17, 2013.
Sampson HA. What should we be doing for children with peanut allergy? J Pediatr. 2000 Dec;137(6):741.
Savage JH, Matsui EC, Skripak JM, Wood RA. The natural history of egg allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2007;120(6):1413-1417.
Sicherer SH, Mahr T. Management of food allergy in the school setting. Pediatrics. 2010;126(6):1232-1239.
Switching to solid foods. American Academy of Pediatrics' Healthy Children website. Available at: http://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/baby/feeding-nutrition/Pages/Switching-To-Solid-Foods.aspx. Updated May 28, 2013. Accessed October 17, 2013.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 10/2013 -
- Update Date: 10/17/2013 -