Are Cellular Phones Dangerous to Your Health?
Playing It Safe
- Hold longer calls on a conventional phone, restricting cell phone use to shorter calls and situations where traditional phones are not available.
- Use speaker mode, a headset, or a hands-free kit to place more distance between your head and the cell phone.
Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association http://www.ctia.org
Center for Devices and Radiological Health (FDA) http://www.fda.gov
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Brain tumor. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated June 30, 2013. Accessed September 9, 2013.
Carlo G, Jenrow RS. Scientific progress—wireless phones and brain cancer: current state of the science. Medscape General Medicine. July 31, 2000.
Davis FG, McCarthy BJ, Berger MS. Centralized databases available for describing primary brain tumor incidence, survival, and treatment: Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States; surveillance, epidemiology, and end results; and National Cancer Data Base. Neuro-Oncology. 1999;1:205–211.
Hardell L, Carlberg M, Söderqvist F, Hansson Mild K. Meta-analysis of long-term mobile phone use and the association with brain tumours. Int J Oncol. 2008 May;32(5):1097-1103.
Health issues: do cell phones pose a health hazard. United States Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/Radiation-EmittingProducts/RadiationEmittingProductsandProcedures/HomeBusinessandEntertainment/CellPhones/ucm116282.htm. Updated August 8, 2012. Accessed September 9, 2013.
Hepworth SJ, Schoemaker MJ, Muir KR, Swerdlow AJ, van Tongeren MJ, McKinney PA. Mobile phone use and risk of glioma in adults: case-control study. BMJ. 2006 Apr 15;332(7546):883-887.
INTERPHONE Study Group. Brain tumour risk in relation to mobile telephone use: results of the INTERPHONE international case-control study. Int J Epidemiol. 2010 Jun;39(3):675-94.
Johansen C, Boice JD, McLaughlin JK, Olsen JH. Cellular telephones and cancer—a nationwide cohort study in Denmark. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2006;98:1707-1713.
No Evidence Linking Cell Phone Use to Risk of Brain Tumors. United States Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/downloads/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/UCM212306.pdf. Updated May 2010. Accessed September 9, 2013.
Reducing exposure: hands-free kits and other accessories steps to reduce exposure to radiofrequency energy. United States Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/Radiation-EmittingProducts/RadiationEmittingProductsandProcedures/HomeBusinessandEntertainment/CellPhones/ucm116293.htm. Updated August 8, 2012. Accessed September 9, 2013.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 09/2013 -
- Update Date: 00/90/2013 -