(Pes Planus; Pes Planovalgus; Fallen Arches)
|Normal Foot Arch|
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- Conditions present at birth, such as excess laxity of joint capsules and ligaments
- Family history
- Ruptured or damaged ankle tendon that supports the arch
- Foot injury
- Medical conditions that affect muscle innervation, such as peripheral neuropathy or diabetes
- Degenerative changes in certain joints
- Ligament damage in the foot
- Calluses, blisters, or skin redness on the inner side of the foot
- A stiff foot
- Weakness or numbness of the foot
- Rapid wearing out of shoes—worn shoes lean in toward each other
- Difficulty or pain with activities like running—may indicate that the foot is having trouble doing its job
Physical Therapy, Exercises, and Orthotics
Orthotics and Support
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://www.aaos.org
American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons http://www.foothealthfacts.org
Canadian Podiatric Medical Association http://www.podiatrycanada.org
Nurses Entrepreneurial Foot Care Association of Canada http://www.nefca.ca
Adult acquired flatfoot. American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00173. Updated December 2011. Accessed May 2, 2013.
Flat foot. UCSF Children’s Hospital website. Available at: http://www.ucsfhealth.org/childrens/medical%5Fservices/ortho/foot/conditions/flatfoot/signs.html. Accessed May 2, 2013.
Pes planus. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated November 12, 2010. Accessed May 2, 2013.
11/19/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us: Rome K, Ashford R, Evans A. Non-surgical interventions for paediatric pes planus. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(7):CD006311.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 05/2013 -
- Update Date: 03/18/2013 -