Your Heart Health: What Family History Tells You
Genetics and Cardiovascular Risk
- Genes that appear to predispose a person to congenital heart disease, which is heart disease from birth
- Apolipoproteins B and E, which are proteins that combine with a lipid that affect blood cholesterol concentrations
- The angiotensinogen gene variant, an alteration in the hormone angiotensinogen, which is associated with high blood pressure
- Homocysteine, an amino acid which contributes to atherosclerosis by irritating vascular endothelial cells lining the blood vessels
- C-reactive protein, a protein that is a marker of inflammation and may predict future cardiovascular risk
How Knowing Your Family History Can Help
What to Do If You Think You Might Be at Risk
- Quitting smoking
- Reducing the total fat, trans fat, and saturated fat in your diet
- Increasing fiber in your diet
- Controlling your blood pressure
- Controlling your diabetes
- Exercising regularly
- Maintaining an ideal body weight
- Managing your stress
- Moderating your alcohol intake
- Lowering your total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL, and LDL levels
American Heart Association http://www.heart.org
Men’s Health Network http://www.menshealthnetwork.org
Canadian Association of Family Physicians http://www.cfpc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
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- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 06/2013 -
- Update Date: 06/18/2013 -