(Dyslipidemia; High Triglycerides; Triglycerides, High)
- A family history of hyperlipidemia
- A diet high in total fat, saturated fat, or cholesterol
- Excess alcohol intake
- Certain conditions, including:
- Certain drugs, such as:
- Fat deposits in the skin or tendons ( xanthomas )
- Pain, enlargement, or swelling of organs such as the liver, spleen, or pancreas ( pancreatitis )
- Obstruction of blood vessels in heart and brain
|Blood Vessel with Atherosclerosis|
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- Total cholesterol
- LDL (bad cholesterol)
- HDL (good cholesterol)
- Family history of hyperlipidemia
- Risk factor or disease that may cause hyperlipidemia
- Complication that may result from hyperlipidemia
- Eat a diet low in total fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol .
- Reduce or eliminate the amount of alcohol you drink.
- Eat more high-fiber foods.
- If you are overweight, lose weight .
- If you smoke, quit .
- Exercise regularly . Talk to you doctor before starting an exercise program. You may already have hardening of the arteries or heart disease. These conditions increase your risk of having a heart attack while exercising.
- Make sure other medical conditions such as high blood pressure and diabetes are being treated and controlled.
- Starting at age 20, get cholesterol tests.
- Eat a diet low in total fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol.
- If you smoke, quit.
- Drink alcohol in moderation (two drinks per day for men, one drink per day for women).
- If you are overweight, lose weight.
- Exercise regularly. Talk with your doctor first.
- If you have diabetes , control your blood sugar.
- Talk to your doctor about medications you are taking. They may have side effects that cause hyperlipidemia.
American Heart Association http://www.americanheart.org/
Vascular Web http://www.vascularweb.org/
Canadian Cardiovascular Society http://www.ccs.ca/home/index%5Fe.aspx/
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada http://www.heartandstroke.com/
Berkow R. The Merck Manual of Medical Information . 17th ed. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster, Inc; 2000.
Hyperlipidemia. Vascular Web website. Available at: http://www.vascularweb.org/patients/NorthPoint/Hyperlipidemia.html . Updated March 2007. Accessed July 8, 2008.
Kasper DL, Harrison TR. Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine . 16th ed. New York, NY: McGraw Hill; 2005.
US Department of Health and Human Services. Side effects of anit-HIV medications. National Institutes of Health website. Available at: http://aidsinfo.nih.gov/contentfiles/SideEffectAnitHIVMeds%5Fcbrochure%5Fen.pdf . Published October 2005. Accessed July 8, 2008.
7/22/2008 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamicmedical.com/what.php : Daniels SR, Greer FR; Committee on Nutrition. Lipid screening and cardiovascular health in childhood. Pediatrics. 2008;122:198-208.
- Reviewer: Michael J. Fucci, DO
- Review Date: 09/2011 -
- Update Date: 09/01/2011 -