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Burn Care Terminology

Autograft: A skin graft that is 'harvested' from an undamaged area of the patient and transplanted to the burned area

Allograft: A biological dressing used as a covering for a burned area. It is cadaver skin (also called hemograft)

Collagen: Insoluble fibrous protein of vertebrates that is the main component of the fibrils of connective tissue.

Debridement: The surgical removal of burned flesh.

Dermatome: A device used to slice tissue from donor sites to be grafted onto burned areas.

Dermis: The vascular inner mesodermic layer of skin. The epidermis is the outer layer of skin and the dermis is underneath that.

First Degree Burn: A mild burn that feels hot, hurts, and reddens. It does not exhibit blistering or charring of tissue.

Graft: To transplant or implant tissue

Hydrotherapy: The therapeutic use of water

Hypermetabolic: Expanding energy and using nutrients at an accelerated pace

Isograft: Homograft between genetically identical or nearly identical individuals

Necrosis: The death of cells or tissues

Pressure Garments: Tight-fitting elastic garments worn to reduce scarring

Second Degree Burn: A burn that produces painful blisters and some superficial destruction of the dermis beneath the burn

Silver Nitrate: A clear compound used as an antiseptic

Skin Graft: A piece of body tissue that is surgically removed and then transplanted or implanted to replace a damaged part or compensate for a defect

Third Degree Burn: A severe burn that destroys the epidermis, and dermis and sometimes other tissue as well

Transfusion: The transfer of fluid into a vein. Often used to give blood to a patient

Xenograft: Grafts taken from a donor of one species and grafted onto another species