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Risk Factors for Women


Understanding Heart Disease

Estimates are that almost 500,000 Americans die of coronary heart disease every year. It's the single leading cause of death in United States - as well as in many other countries.

Scientists have identified certain factors linked with an increased risk of developing coronary heart disease. Some of these factors are unavoidable, like increasing age, being male or having a family history of heart diseases. However, many other risk factors can be changed to lower the risk of heart disease. High blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, cigarette smoking and physical inactivity are the four major modifiable risk factos; obesity is a contributing risk factor. Diabetes also strongly influences the risk of heart disease.

This RISKO test is a way for you to evaluate your risk of coronary heart disease based upon your risk factors. RISKO scores are based on blood pressure, cholesterol, smoking and weight. Physical inactivity is also an important risk factor but was not part of the statistical base from which RISKO was derived.

What Your Score Means

Note: If you're diabetic, you have a greater risk of heart disease. Add 7 points to your total score.

0 - 2
You have a low risk of heart disease for a person of your age and sex.

3 - 4
You have a low-to-moderate risk of heart disease for a person of your age and sex. That's good, but there's room for improvement.

5 - 7
You have a moderate-to-high risk of heart disease for a person of your age and sex. There's considerable room for improvement in some areas.

8 - 15
You have a high risk of developing heart disease for a person of your age and sex. There's a lot of room for improvement in all areas.

16 & over
You have a very high risk of developing heart disease for a person of your age and sex. You shostrongd act now to reduce your risk factors.