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Blake Medical Center
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Other Treatments for Managing Fibromyalgia

Psychological Therapies

There are different types of psychological therapies that are available to treat fibromyalgia. Examples include:

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)—This is a form of talk therapy that focuses on your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.
  • Relaxation-based therapy—This includes learning strategies, like meditation, to reduce stress.
  • Biofeedback—During a biofeedback session, a therapist guides you to relax certain muscles or control breathing, while an electronic device shows your body’s response.

Alternative Therapies

Other therapies that may help to alleviate fibromyalgia pain and symptoms include:

  • Physical therapy
  • Heat treatments
  • Massage
  • Acupuncture and acupressure
  • Trigger point therapy
  • Myofascial release (a special type of therapy that involves manipulating connective tissue with pressure)
  • Mind-body therapies such as yoga, Tai chi, relaxation therapy, or meditation

See alternative and complementary therapies for more information about acupuncture and fibromyalgia.

Revision Information

  • About fibromyalgia. National Fibromyalgia Association website. Available at: http://www.fmaware.org/about-fibromyalgia. Accessed August 12, 2016.

    Biofeedback. EBSCO Natural and Alternative Treatments website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary. Updated September 18, 2014. Accessed September 30, 2015.

  • Treatment. Fibromyalgia Network website. Available at: http://fmnetnews.iraherman.com/fibro-basics/treatment/medication-options. Accessed August 12, 2016.

    Fibromyalgia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 15, 2016. Accessed August 12, 2016.

    Fibromyalgia. American College of Rheumatology website. Available at: http://www.rheumatology.org/I-Am-A/Patient-Caregiver/Diseases-Conditions/Fibromyalgia. Updated May 2015. Accessed August 12, 2016.

    Fibromyalgia. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health%5FInfo/Fibromyalgia/default.asp. Updated July 2014. Accessed August 12, 2016.

    6/18/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Palermo TM, Eccleston C, Lewandowski AS, Williams AC, Morley S. Randomized controlled trials of psychological therapies for management of chronic pain in children and adolescents: an updated meta-analytic review. Pain. 2010;148(3):387-397.

  • 2/9/2012 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Castro-Sánchez AM, Matarán-Peñarrocha GA, Arroyo-Morales M et al. Effects of myofascial release techniques on pain, physical function, and postural stability in patients with fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled trial. Clin Rehabil. 2011;25(9):800-813.